Jersey City is the second largest city in the state in the eastern part of New Jersey, and the county office of Hudson County.
|City of Jersey |
City of Jersey City
|Nickname: Wall Street West|
Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey (right)
National Census Bureau
|establishment||February 22, 1838|
|city||City of Jersey|
|City||54.596 km2 (21.080 mi2)|
|land||38.316 km2 (14.794 mi2)|
|water surface||16.281 km2 (6.286 mi2)|
|water area ratio||29.82%|
|population||(as of 2010)|
|population density||6462.0 people/km2 (16736.6 people/mi2)|
|equal time||Eastern Standard Time (UTC-5)|
|daylight saving time||Eastern Daylight Time (UTC-4)|
|ZIP code||07097, 07302-07308, 07310-07311|
|Official website: http://www.cityofjerseycity.com|
It is located across the Hudson River on the other side of Lower Manhattan in New York City. The population is 262,146 (according to the 2014 census), which is located in the west next to Newark, the largest city in the state.
The Jersey City is sometimes called the "New York City's Sixth Township," and at the same time it is the best port city in New Jersey. Downtown was once devastated, but in recent years the city has been redeveloped and has developed into a commercial city with skyscrapers including Goldman Sachs Tower. Many companies have their main bases in Jersey City from the interest of the Manhattan opposite shore, and the number of large companies that have their headquarters is increasing.
In the past, native American of the Lenape tribe lived in the wilderness of this area. In 1609, Henry Hudson came to this part of the river at the mouth of the Hudson in search of a shortcut to East Asia, but he could not find a route to the Pacific. Hudson explored the whole area and traded with the indigenous people before returning to his native country, the Netherlands. Then the Netherlands built the New Netherlands Colony in the area. In 1625, New Amsterdam was built on the Manhattan Island on the east bank of the Hudson River, and in 1630, the land to build the current Jersey City and Hoboken settlement on the west bank was purchased from Native American. It was in 1633 that the settlement started on the West Bank. Soon the relationship between the Renape and the Dutch settlers worsened, and the settlement was destroyed by the Renape twice in 1643 and 1655, while the Dutch settlers massacred the Renape.
In the area of the current Jersey City, Dutch settlement sites such as Pavonia, Communipau, Harsimus, Paulushook, Hoeback, and Aiehaken were scattered. The oldest village was established in the current Bergen Square in 1660. The oldest existing house in Jersey City was built in 1742. When the War of Independence broke out, these towns were under the control of England. On August 19, 1779, Paul Hook was attacked by Henry Lee, who was nicknamed "Light Horse Harry." After the War of Independence, the inhabitants of New York and New Jersey, including Alexander Hamilton, devoted themselves to the development of the region, developed streets, and laid the foundations for downtown Jersey City today. In the 19th century, Jersey City served as a hub of the subway route. Four routes through New Jersey joined in Jersey City.
creation and prosperity of a city
On January 28, 1820, under the New Jersey State Law, the City of Jersey became independent from the North Bergen Township, and became a formal city, though it was part of Bergen County. The city was then reorganized twice in 1829 and 1838, and became the name of the present Jersey City. On February 22, 1840, Jersey City became a part of the newly established Hudson County.
Jersey City grew, merging neighboring municipalities. On March 18, 1851, the company merged with Van Force Township, on May 2, 1870 it merged with Bergen City and Hudson City, and on February 4, 1873 it merged with Greenville. These mergers determine the current city of Jersey City.
From the latter half of the 19th century to the early half of the 20th century, Jersey City developed as a port city and an industrial city just like New York on the other side. For immigrants entering the United States, Jersey City was one of the first sites to enter. In the heyday before World War II, many German, Irish, and Italian immigrants were working at factories in Jersey City, including Corrugated Companies. However, the largest source of employment in Jersey City at that time was the railway industry. There was a terminal of the company in downtown Jersey City until the Pennsylvania Railroad's long river-bottom tunnel, which crossed the Hudson River in 1911 and ran to Pennsylvania Station in Manhattan, was completed. The passengers of the Pennsylvania Railroad had changed from this terminal to a ferry that ran off to Manhattan, and to a trolley that ran all over Hudson County and beyond. Street cars were abolished in 1949.
However, while they have continued to prosper in the embrace of immigrants, there have also been cases of immigration. On July 30, 1916, during World War I, a bomb attack called the Black Tom Explosion occurred in Jersey City. To prevent the Allied Powers from using gunpowder, a German agent caused the incident as a subversive activity. The incident killed seven people and injured several hundred people, and the total amount of damage was $20 million (365 million as of 2007) at the price of the time.
In 1930, Jersey City reached its peak with a population of 316,715.
Frank Hague era
For 30 years from 1917 to 1947, Jersey City was dominated by Frank Hague. Hague imposed a tekken sanction on the opponent while at the same time controlling the governor, the senator and the judge. Hague is loud and not only rude, but also often called the adversary communist. The police also held the hands of the Hague, so the Jersey City's citizens, as well as the Hague, tried not to make the slightest attempt to run counter to the Hague.
Although his annual income was only $8,000, Hague lived like a billionaire. Hague own fourteen maisonette-type apartments in the city of Jersey City, and she stayed in a suite room in Manhattan's super-luxury hotel Waldorf-Astoria, and she had a summer villa in the summer resort of Deal Deal on the Atlantic coast, which she went on an annual trip to Europe. When he died in 1956, Hague had more than $10 million in assets.
The corruption of Jersey City continued after the Hague left. By the beginning of the 1970s, urban centers had been devastated, and while the wealthy class had fled to the suburbs, the poor working class had entered. The Jersey City became plagued by rising crime, public fears, political corruption and economic crisis. During the 30 years from 1950 to 1980, the population of Jersey City decreased by about 75,000. Between 1975 and 1982, 5,000 workers, or 9% of the workers, lost their jobs in Jersey City. In addition, violent crime such as murder and rape increased rapidly during this period. New immigrants came in because the rent was low, but most of the city's areas were devastated, abandoned or abandoned.
In the 1990s, the Jersey City was redeveloped, and population and security began to recover. Buildings that had been vacant until then were remodeled to accommodate new cars, traffic infrastructure was developed such as light rails running on them, and the wave of gentrification rapidly flooded into devastated downtown. With the restoration of the environment and security, Manhattan's Manhattan professionals also moved to Jersey City. Especially after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in the United States, major financial institutions such as Goldman Sachs, Chase Manhattan, Lehman Brothers, and Merrill Lynch started establishing or moving their bases in Jersey City. These changes have led to the rebirth of Jersey City as a suburban city with many historic buildings in the Victorian style, but also skyscrapers and apartments, including the 238m-tall Goldman Sachs Tower.
minutes, 55 seconds west longitude. The Hudson River runs east of the city. The other bank across the Hudson River is Manhattan, New York. In the south, Staten Island stands across the town of Bayon. Because of this position, Jersey City is often called the "sixth ward of New York." In the west, Newark, the state's largest city, lies across Newark Bay. In the north is Hawken, the main transportation hub on the west bank of the Hudson River.
According to the United States Statistical Bureau, Jersey City is a total area of 54.7 km² (21.1 mi²). Of these, 38.6 km² (14.9 mi²) is land area and 16.1 km² (6.2 mi²) is water area. The area accounts for 29.37% of the total area. The city area of Jersey City is the smallest of the 100 largest cities in the United States. As a result, the population density is over 6,000 per 1km² and 16,000 per 1mi², which is an extremely high number for cities of medium-sized and higher in the United States.
The Jersey City consists of six areas: downtown, Journal Square, Westside, Greenville, Heights and Bergen Lafayette. Each district is divided into smaller sections. Each small district is slightly different in terms of urban beauty and architectural style.
Downtown has developed along the Hudson River from the city's eastern border with Hoboken to Liberty State Park. Although it had been devastated until the 1980s, it has been redeveloped mainly in Newport and Exchange Place, and has been redeveloped as a commercial district close to working houses, with office buildings such as Goldman Sachs Tower built up along with skyscrapers. Newport redeveloped the former train yard and Exchange Place redeveloped the former site of Pennsylvania Station. On the other hand, Paul's Hook, located to the south of Exchange Place, preserves the historic landscape of brick buildings.
The Journal Square, located west of the downtown area and as the commercial center of the downtown area, once ruined, is being redeveloped just like downtown. However, different from downtown, the company rebuilt the old theaters and is developing houses centered on middle-class apartments. A bus terminal, the largest bus terminal in Jersey City, is located at Pastrain Station in the area, which is also the hub of public transportation in the city.
The other areas surrounding these areas are mainly residential. As its name suggests, the West Side, which stretches from the west to the southwest of the city, is a multi-ethnic district, lined with shops of Philippine, Indian and West Indies. The Green Building in the southern part of the city was once the area where Frank Sinatra used to live, but many of the streets are lined with abandoned houses and are the most crime-prone area in the Jersey City. In particular, the area near the border with Bayon is not safe. Bergen Lafayette is an area sandwiched between Greenville and Journal Square. Heights is a middle-income residential area to the northwest of the city. Most of the buildings in the city are townhouses where 2-3 families live in a house.
Jersey City is a city mayor under the Faulkner Act, one of the New Jersey Laws. The city council consists of one representative for each of the six districts, two wildcards, and one chairman. The 2004-elected Mayor of Geramia Healy has joined the Mayor's Alliance, headed by New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg and Boston Mayor Thomas Menino, which aims to eradicate the illegal possession of guns.
Most of the Jersey City area belongs to the 13th New Jersey constituency in the United States House of Representatives. In addition, some of the city's districts are in the ninth and tenth districts. In both of these three constituencies, the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) is traditionally strong. In the New Jersey State Assembly election, Jersey City straddles the 31st, 32nd and 33rd constituencies.
The campus of New Jersey City University (New Jersey City University, NJCU) and Saint Peter's College (St. Peter's College) are located in Jersey City. Both schools are located on the West Side. Hudson County Community College is in Journal Square. In addition, the University of Phoenix has a classroom in Newport, and the University of Latgers has an MBA course at the Harbor Side Center.
The K-12 program in Jersey City is supported by public schools in the Jersey City Public School District. The Jersey City Public School District is counted among the 31 Abbott School Districts in the state. Abbott school district is a school district that has a low level of education in public schools within the district and is receiving financial assistance from the New Jersey state government for improvement. Many are school districts covering urban areas such as Jersey City, Newark, Trenton and Camden.
But even in those school districts, there are excellent schools. Dr. Ronald E. McNia Academic High School (Dr. R.), which is named after Dr. Ronald Irwin McNeia, an astronaut who died in the Challenger explosion. Ronald E. McNair Academic High School) is the state-of-the-art high school in Jersey City, and the New Jersey Mansley magazine was described as the best high school in the state at 316 schools. In the Newsweek magazine in 2007, it ranked 27th on the list of outstanding public high schools in the United States. More than 99% of the graduates of the school go on to university and many go on to one of the top universities in the United States.
There are also some private schools in Jersey City. A preparatory school for university advancement, established in 1872, St. Peter's Preparatory High School (St. Peter's Preparatory High School) is the only Jesuit high school in New Jersey.
The United States of America is generally called "car society", and in most areas, automobiles are the main means of transportation, but Jersey City is an exception. 8.17% of commuters living in Jersey City walk to work, while 40.26% use public transportation. The figure, 40.26%, is the highest in cities with a population of more than 100,000, after New York.
The commuter train operated by the New Jersey Port Authority, Pastrain, starts at Pennsylvania Station and Hawken Terminal in Newark, passes through Jersey City and passes through the Hudson River to the site of the World Trade Center in New York and 33-chome. The city of Jersey City has four stations. On the other hand, there is a ground light rail running in the north-south direction, not across the Hudson River. The station is located in the city of Jersey City.
The Journal Square Transportation Center, Exchange Place, and Hawken Terminal, where the Pastrain station is located, are hubs of a route bus network that covers the city, Hudson County, and surrounding areas of Jersey City. Some of the buses run through Port Authority Terminal and Newark in 42nd Street, Manhattan.
Jersey City and New York are also connected by the Holland Tunnel under the Hudson, The tunnel, which took seven years from 1920, is managed by the Port Authority of New Jersey. The length of the tunnel is 2,608m for west and 2,551m for east. The number of cars passing through the tunnel is about 93,000 a day, or about 34 million a year (according to New Jersey Port Authority, 2005). In 1993, it was designated as a national historic landmark.
A ferry on the Hudson River is also an important means of transportation. New York Waterway operates ferry services between several New Jersey sites, including the Newport area of Jersey City, the World Financial Center in Manhattan, the East River's 11th wharf and 39th Street. There is also a ferry that connects the Liberty State Park in Jersey City, Ellis Island, and Liberty Line Co., Ltd., which is very popular for tourists.
Jersey City is a diverse city. The ratio of non-Hispanic white, African, American and Latin American in the city's population structure is almost equal. The percentage of Arab and Muslim population is among the highest in the United States, and there are many Asian residents. In addition, except for the cities in the southwest, the Hispanic population accounts for the highest proportion. The percentage of residents of Jewish, Italian, Cuban, Philippine, Polish and Irish was higher than that of most cities in the United States.
demographic change 
The following is demographic data from the 2000 census.
- Population: 240,055
- Number of households: 88,632 households
- Number of Families: 55,660 families
- Population density: 6,195.2 people/km² (16,045.6 people/mi²)
- Number of Homes: 93,648 houses
- Residential density: 2,423.4 doors/km² (6,278.3 doors/mi²)
- White: 34.01%
- African American: 28.32%
- Native American: 0.45%
- Asians: 16.20%
- Pacific Islands: 0.08%
- Other races: 15.11%
- Mixed: 5.84%
- Hispanic Latino: 28.31%
- Under 18: 24.7%
- 18-24 years old: 10.7%
- 25-44 years old: 35.1%
- 45-64 years old: 19.7%
- Over 65 years of age: 9.8%
- Median Age: 32 years old
- Sex ratio (male population per 100 women)
- Total population: 95.3
- Over 18 years of age: 92.6
Households and family (number of households)
- We have children under 18: 31.1%
- Married and living together: 36.4%
- Single, divorced, and deceased women are householders: 20.2%
- Non-family: 37.2%
- Single Family: 29.2%
- Elderly people aged 65 and older live alone: 8.2%
- average number of constituent members
- Households: 2.67 people
- Family: 3.37 people
income and family
- median income
- Households: 37,862 US dollars
- Family: 41,639 US dollars
- Male: 35,119 US dollars
- Female: 30,494 US dollars
- Income per population: 19,410 US dollars
- below poverty line
- Population: 18.6%
- Number of Relatives: 16.4%
- Under 18: 27.0%
- Over 65 years of age: 17.5%
Jersey City has a sister-city alliance with the following five cities:
in the United States
- Wheehawk, NY
- Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Outside the United States
- Oviedo, Spain
- Lisbon, Portugal
- Ahmadabad (India)
- ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Jersey City city, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 21, 2011.
- ^ Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Jersey City, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 21, 2011.
- ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Jersey City, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed September 5, 2011.
- City of Jersey City (English)
- Jersey City Board of Education (English)
- National Center for Education Statistics data for the Jersey City Public Schools (English)
- Jersey City Economic Development Corporation (English)
- Jersey City Neighborhoods (English)
- Jersey City Museum (English)
- Jersey City Reservoir Preservation Alliance (English)
- Jersey City: Past and Present (English)
- Jersey City Landmarks Conservancy (English)
- History of Jersey City (English)
- Jersey City History (English)
- Lincoln Park Neighborhood (English)
- Jersey City Magazine (English)
- Jersey City Portal (English)
- Jersey City Tourism Web site - DestinationJerseyCity.com (English)
- Jersey City Vibe (English)
- Jersey City List (English)
- NEW Contemporary Guide to Jersey City (English)
- Jersity City Online - Questions about City Government (English)
- Jersey City Gentrification - Article, photos, interactive map and other resources
- Jersey City Municipal Court (English)
- City-Data.com - Jersey City, New Jersey
- New Jersey, NJ (Yahoo!Map Map)